Earning money is one of the most important tools for economic growth and development, which is achieved through the sale of products or services to other countries and called them exports.
Exports and sales of goods in foreign markets have certain delicacies that may lead to the destruction of financial and human capital.
The steps involved in exporting are:
A. Marketing - the first and most important step in exporting. Marketing recognition of foreign markets and ways to penetrate the access to this knowledge through negotiations with buyers, using data and official statistics, participation in international exhibitions, contact with the consultations of Commerce in embassies and chambers of commerce as well as inquiries from International institutions and centers that provide services in this regard are possible. Also, the identification of competing products and their quality in the market and the use of promotional methods for introducing goods plays an important role in the success of an exporter.
C. Determination of the price of the exporter: The exporter must refer the quotation commission to determine the price of his export goods. The commission is composed of representatives of the Ministry of Commerce, the Export Development Center (the current business development organization), the Ministry of Industry, the Customs of Iran and the Central Bank. After determining the export price, the exporter is required to introduce the equivalent of the specified price of the currency to the central bank.
D - Issuing a Propeller (Pre-invoice): An Exporter must send a Provertor or Prefactor containing the Goods Specifications and Seller to the Buyer.
R - Preparation and packaging: At this stage, the exporter must prepare the goods and pack them in accordance with the agreement.
And - Obtaining a certificate of inspection of the goods: This certificate, which is usually requested by the buyer, is issued by the institutions which are subject to the agreement of the parties.
Depositing an Exchange Contract: An Exporter, with the necessary documentation, including the price approved by the Exchange Rate Commission, must issue a currency agreement to the bank (the Office of Execution and Execution).
At present, the export conditions are made easier by the issuer of a foreign exchange transaction from the bank instead of an exchange contract, and after signing it, it undertakes to restore the currency from the export.
M - Contracts of carriage and insurance: The exporter signs a contract with one of the international shipping companies and also insures the goods until reaching the destination.
E) Customs customs declaration: At this stage, the goods are shipped to the customs, and the export or export declaration is issued and presented to the customs. After the goods are evaluated and the packages are sealed, the export permit is issued.
Q - Delivery of goods: The exporter issues the exit permit to the shipping company, and the company carries out the delivery of the cargo and the goods from the customs to be loaded and forwarded.
SB - get paid a: If the goods are opening letters of credit issued by the issuer can provide shipping documents to the bank account-and quantification of the amount of foreign exchange has been opened to rate determined by receiving and qualifies the issuance of the certificate. But if